Archive for the ‘God of the Week’ category

God of the Week: Themis

July 2, 2012

07/02/2012: Themis

Themis is an ancient Greek god, one of the titans and the personification of law and order. 

The second wife of Zeus, according to the account in the Theogony of Hesiod, was Themis (“Justice”), and, as we have pointed out elsewhere, she is a form of the great earth goddess. Her primary role apparently was that of controlling the cycle of the seasons, and so regularly did she bring about the periods of productiveness that men came to look upon her as a power to whom they could appeal for the elucidation of matters in which human arbiters failed. In brief, she became an oracular goddess, and the righteousness of her deliverances established her as the personification of justice and equity

Mythology of All Races, Vol 1, Greek and Roman

God of the Week: Hyperion

June 18, 2012

06/18/2012: Hyperion

Hyperion was a Greek Titan, one of the children of Gaia and Uranus

God of the Week: Minos

June 11, 2012

06/11/2012: Minos

Ah, good ol’ King Minos. In his life … a bit of a bastard; sending 7 male and 7 female Greeks to their death every year just to satisfy the blood lust of a bull/man too stupid to find it’s way out of a cave. Yet, for all this cowardice, it was believed that after his death, Minos was elected to became a judge of the dead. 

God of the Week: Priapus

May 28, 2012

05/28/2012: Priapus

Priapus was a Greek god of fertility. He was normally depicted with an exceptionally large phallus. 

Priapus, the son of Dionysus and Aphrodite, was regarded as the god of fruitfulness, the protector of flocks, sheep, goats, bees, the fruit of the vine, and all garden produce.

His statues, which were set up in gardens and vineyards, acted not only as objects of worship, but also as scarecrows, the appearance of this god being especially repulsive and unsightly.

This divinity was chiefly worshipped at Lampsacus, his birthplace. Asses were sacrificed to him, and he received the first-fruits of the fields and gardens, with a libation of milk and honey.

-Myths and Legends of Ancient Greece and Rome

God of the Week: Toutatis

May 21, 2012

05/21/2012: Toutatis

Toutatis was a Celtic god worshiped throughout ancient Gaul. Victims were sacrificed to him by being plunged head first into a vat of liquid. He was associated with the gods Mars and Mercury by the Romans.

God of the Week: Chaos

April 30, 2012

04/30/2012: Chaos

Oceanus was an ancient Greek god, a formless void that preceded the creation of the universe. 

The Hesiodic story is different in many points and is much less satisfactory as a philosophical explanation of beginnings. First there was Chaos,

“… the vast immeasurable abyss, Outrageous as a sea, dark, wasteful, wild.” 1

Then came Gaia, gloomy Tartaros (the dark “Underworld”), and Eros as the moving force within and about all things. Chaos brought into being Erebos (“Lower Darkness”) and Nyx, and these in their turn begat Aither (“Heavenly Light”) and Hemera (“Earthly Light,” i. e. “Day”). Mother Earth bore Ouranos (star-sown “Heaven”) to be a helpmeet to herself and at the same time a secure dwelling-place for the blessed gods. Now appeared the rugged mountains and the wild stretches of the sea. In their relation of husband and wife Ouranos and Gaia became the founders of what one might call the first royal house of the gods.

-Mythology of All Races, Vol 1, Greek and Roman

God of the Week: Oceanus

April 23, 2012

04/23/2012: Oceanus

Oceanus was an ancient Greek god, a titan, personification of the ocean. 

They [Ouranos (Heaven) and Gaia (Earth)] became the first pair of parents and brought into the world Okeanos(“Ocean”) and Tethys(“Nurse”). These in their turn became a parental pair, begetting Kronos, Rhea, Phorkys, and the other Titans

-Mythology of All Races, Vol 1, Greek and Roman

God of the Week: Mot

April 16, 2012

04/16/2012: Mot

The creator of apple sauce? No, Mot was a Semitic god of death. He is mentioned in the texts found in the ancient city of Ugarit.

God of the Week: Ra

April 9, 2012

04/09/2012: Ra

Ra was an ancient Egyptian sun god, chiefly associated with the noon day sun. His principle city of worship was Heliopolis.

To speak more exactly, the sun-god has two different ships: one — the Me’enzet — for the day, and the other — the Semektet — for the night; sometimes he enters the “evening ship” in the afternoon. This distinction is no more difficult to understand than the later difierentiation of the sun into three distinct personalities during the day-time, when he is called Horus (or Har-akhti, “Horus of the Horizon”) in the morning. Re’ [Ra] (his ordinary name) at noon, and Atum toward evening. The latter form, taken from the local god of Heliopolis, is depicted as human, very rarely in the oldest form of Atum as an ichneumon. The accompanying picture shows this god of the evening sun in his original animal form behind the closed western gate of heaven, built on the mountain of the west. We have already seen that the name Khepri was used for the weaker manifestations; later Re’, as the oldest name, was also employed more for the weak and aged sun; while the dying sun of evening and the dead sun of night were soon identified with Osiris, as we shall see in the chapter on the Osiris-myth.


… the most ancient and the most sacred city of Egypt, the “City of the Sun” — the Heliopolis of the Greeks — was the principal seat of the solar mythology, although the general name of the sun-god. Re’ [Ra], seems even there gradually to have replaced the old local deity, Atum, only after 2000 B.C. Heliopolis contained the earthly proxy of the tree of heaven, the holy Persea, and the sacred well which to this day is called “the Sun’s Well” (‘AIn Shams) and in which the sun was believed either to bathe himself morning and night or to have been born at the beginning of the world, when he arose from the abyss, etc. Thus the pool was not merely a type, but a real remnant of the primeval flood. Such sacred lakes were imitated in many sanctuaries, just as the sacred tree of Heliopolis had local parallels.

In all sanctuaries of the sun the god’s presence on earth was indicated by single or double reproductions of the solar ship, which sometimes were enormous constructions of stones or bricks, although generally they were made of wood and were portable, so that the priests could Imitate the daily and yearly course of the sun In solemn procession as they carried or dragged the ship around the temple or floated It on the sacred lake near by.

-Mythology of All Races, Vol 12, Egyptian

God of the Week: Ash

April 2, 2012

04/02/2012: Ash

Ash was the ancient Egyptian god of the oasis.